Arthritis is a chronic condition associated with inflammation of the joints and swelling. This results in restriction of movement and pain. A survey conducted has shown that Arthritis affects one in every six Canadians of the age of fourteen years old.
It is one of the major causes of disability in the world. The most common forms of arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a breakdown of the cartilage in the joints while rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammation of the other body tissues and the tissue lining the joints. It is well known that this disorder commonly affects adults over the age of sixty-five but develops in teens, children, and younger adults. It is more common in women than people who are overweight and men.
What are the types and causes of arthritis?
Two types of arthritis are Rheumatoid and Osteoarthritis, but there are other numerous forms which include: Gout, scleroderma, fibromyalgia, psoriatic arthritis, adult still diseases, ankylosing spondylitis, viral arthritis, Reiter’s syndrome, tuberculosis arthritis, tertiary Lyme diseases, and systemic lupus erythematosus.
Some types are inherited or generic while others are associated with a chemical imbalance. Rheumatoid is caused by synovium which is the thickening and inflammation of the joint’s lining. It may be triggered by viral or bacterial infections amplified by a flaw in the body immune system. Other types are due to a metabolic condition that is known as crystal-associated arthritis. It is worth noting that all types of arthritis affect joints, but other may seriously have an effect on other parts of the body.
What are the symptoms and complications of arthritis?
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis arthritis include; swelling and loss of flexibility in a joint, stiffness on awakening or after prolonged rest discomfort in a joint during or before a change in weather, pain in a joint during or after use, and bony lumps that occur on the middle or end joint of the fingers. Osteoarthritis arthritis develops in the neck, lower back, finger joints, knees, hips, or big toes joints.
Symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis include; stiffness especially after periods of motionlessness, swelling and pain in any joint, fatigue, multiple joints that are painful and swollen, and lumps near the elbow. Symptoms of gout arthritis include; acute Joint inflammations accompanied by swelling, heat, severe pain and redness. This affects the big toes most, but any other joint can be affected. This may last up to one week without treatment and then gets better on its own. You may also experience flank pain and blood in the urine.
What are the treatments for arthritis?
Treatment for this disorder depends on the type, impact, and severity of arthritis affecting the person. The affected patient should consult their health care professional, so that there may balance the benefits and risk of each treatment. This will be based on their personal needs and circumstances. Drug therapy is recommended and is divided into two main groups.
Though drugs are beneficial, you need to follow doctor’s instructions. In case of worries or side effects, it is recommended to consult the doctor once again. You also need to have physical therapies and surgery to help you overcome many symptoms of this disorder.